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PTSD: National Center for PTSD


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Combat Experiences Scale



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

Combat Experiences Scale

Scale in the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2
DRRI-2 Section: D
Survey Label: "Combat Experiences"


Measures exposure to combat-related circumstances such as firing a weapon, being fired on, being attacked or witnessing an attack (e.g., encountering an explosive device), encountering friendly fire, and going on special missions and patrols that involve such experiences. This war-zone factor refers to objective events and circumstances and does not include personal interpretations or subjective judgments of the events or circumstances.

Sample Item

  • Item: I personally witnessed someone from my unit or an ally unit being seriously wounded or killed.
  • Response: 6-point Likert (1 = "Never" to 6 = "Daily or almost daily")

To Obtain Scale

This measure was created by staff at VA's National Center for PTSD.

Download the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2:

Are you using this measure with U.S. Veterans or Servicemembers?

Our PTSD Consultation Program can answer administration or scoring questions: or 866-948-7880.

Measure availability: Information on measures is available to everyone. However, the assessment tools themselves can only be distributed to qualified mental health professionals and researchers. We maintain measures developed by affiliated staff of the National Center for PTSD.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

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Also see: VA Mental Health