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PTSD: National Center for PTSD


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Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2 (DRRI-2)



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2 (DRRI-2)

The Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2 (DRRI-2) is a suite of 17 individual scales that assess key deployment-related risk and resilience factors with demonstrated implications for Veterans' post-deployment health. For more information, read the DRRI history and development. The DRRI-2 can also be used clinically. The DRRI-2 includes the following scales:

Predeployment Factors

Deployment Factors

Postdeployment Factors


Vogt, D. S., Smith, B. N., King, L. A., King, D. W., Knight, J. A., & Vasterling, J. J. (2013). Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2 (DRRI-2): An updated tool for assessing psychosocial risk and resilience factors among service members and Veterans (PDF). Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26, 710-717. doi: 10.1002.jts.21868 PILOTS ID: 87988

To Obtain Scale

This measure was created by staff at VA's National Center for PTSD.
Download the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2:

Note: This is a second version of the DRRI. To request the original DRRI, please contact Dr. Dawne Vogt.

Are you using this measure with U.S. Veterans or Servicemembers?

Our PTSD Consultation Program can answer administration or scoring questions: or 866-948-7880.

Measure Availability: We provide information on a variety of measures assessing trauma and PTSD. These measures are intended for use by qualified mental health professionals and researchers. Measures authored by National Center staff are available as direct downloads or by request. Measures developed outside of the National Center can be requested via contact information available on the information page for the specific measure.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

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