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PTSD: National Center for PTSD


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Difficult Living and Working Environment Scale



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

Difficult Living and Working Environment Scale

Scale in the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2
DRRI-2 Section: C
Survey Label: "Deployment Environment"


Exposure to events or circumstances representing repeated or day-to-day irritations and pressures related to life during military deployment. These personal discomforts or deprivations may include the lack of desirable food, lack of privacy, poor living arrangements, uncomfortable climate, cultural difficulties, and constraints to performing one's duties.

Sample Items

  • I didn't have access to bathrooms or showers when I needed them.
  • My daily activities were restricted because of local religious or ethnic customs.
  • I did not have adequate shelter from uncomfortable living conditions (for example, heat, cold, wet, etc.).

Response Format

5-point Likert (1 = Almost none of the time; 5 = Almost all of the time)

To Obtain Scale

See Assessment Measures Specifically for VA Providers and Staff to download the DRRI scales and manual.

For Non-VA Providers: please complete the online request form to obtain the DRRI-2.

Measure availability: We provide information on a variety of measures assessing trauma and PTSD. These measures are intended for use by qualified mental health professionals and researchers. Measures authored by National Center staff are available as direct downloads or by request. Measures developed outside of the National Center can be requested via contact information available on the information page for the specific measure.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

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Also see: VA Mental Health