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PTSD: National Center for PTSD


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Difficult Living and Working Environment Scale



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

Difficult Living and Working Environment Scale

Scale in the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2
DRRI-2 Section: C
Survey Label: "Deployment Environment"


Measures exposure to events or circumstances representing repeated or day-to-day irritations and pressures related to life during military deployment. These personal discomforts or deprivations may include the lack of desirable food, lack of privacy, poor living arrangements, uncomfortable climate, cultural difficulties, and constraints to performing one's duties.

Sample Item

  • Item: I didn't have access to bathrooms or showers when I needed them.
  • Response: 5-point Likert (1 = "Almost none of the time" to 5 = "Almost all of the time")

To Obtain Scale

This measure was created by staff at VA's National Center for PTSD.

Download the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2:

Are you using this measure with U.S. Veterans or Servicemembers?

Our PTSD Consultation Program can answer administration or scoring questions: or 866-948-7880.

Measure availability: Information on measures is available to everyone. However, the assessment tools themselves can only be distributed to qualified mental health professionals and researchers. We maintain measures developed by affiliated staff of the National Center for PTSD.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

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Also see: VA Mental Health