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PTSD: National Center for PTSD


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Prior Stressors Scale



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

Prior Stressors Scale

Scale in the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2
DRRI-2 Section: A
Survey Label: "Pre-Deployment Life Events"


Exposure to traumatic events before deployment, such as community or domestic violence, physical assault, sexual abuse, previous combat experiences, or other highly stressful life events.

Sample Items

  • Before I was deployed, I experienced a natural disaster (for example, a hurricane), a fire, or an accident in which I or someone close to me was hurt or had serious property damage.
  • Before I was deployed, I went through a divorce or was left by a significant other.
  • Before I was deployed, I witnessed someone being seriously assaulted or killed.

Response Format

Dichotomous items (0 = No; 1 = Yes)

To Obtain Scale

See Assessment Measures Specifically for VA Providers and Staff to download the DRRI scales and manual.

For Non-VA Providers: please complete the online request form to obtain the DRRI-2.

Measure availability: We provide information on a variety of measures assessing trauma and PTSD. These measures are intended for use by qualified mental health professionals and researchers. Measures authored by National Center staff are available as direct downloads or by request. Measures developed outside of the National Center can be requested via contact information available on the information page for the specific measure.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

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Also see: VA Mental Health