Attention A T users. To access the menus on this page please perform the following steps. 1. Please switch auto forms mode to off. 2. Hit enter to expand a main menu option (Health, Benefits, etc). 3. To enter and activate the submenu links, hit the down arrow. You will now be able to tab or arrow up or down through the submenu options to access/activate the submenu links.

PTSD: National Center for PTSD

Quick Links

Veterans Crisis Line Badge
My healthevet badge

Deployment Support from Family and Friends Scale


Deployment Support from Family and Friends Scale

Scale in the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2
DRRI-2 Section: I
Survey Label: "Support from Family/Friends"


Extent to which an individual perceived emotional sustenance and instrumental assistance from family and friends back home during deployment. Emotional sustenance refers to the extent to which others provide the individual with understanding, companionship, a sense of belonging, and positive self-regard (e.g., feeling cared for by friends and family members, having people to talk to). Instrumental assistance refers to the extent to which the individual receives tangible aid such as help to accomplish tasks and material assistance or resources (e.g., being able to count on people to take care of finances or belongings while deployed).

Sample Items

  • During my deployment, I had family members or friends at home I could talk to when I had a problem.
  • During my deployment, relatives or friends at home could be counted on to take care of my finances, property, or belongings if needed.
  • During my deployment, people at home did things to show they cared about me.

Response format

5-point Likert (1 = Strongly disagree; 5 = Strongly agree)

Measure availability: Information on measures is available to everyone. However, the assessment tools themselves can only be distributed to qualified mental health professionals and researchers. We maintain measures developed by affiliated staff of the National Center for PTSD.

See Assessment Measures Specifically for VA Providers and Staff to download the DRRI scales and manual.

For Non-VA Providers: please complete the online request form to obtain the DRRI-2.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

Share this page

Where to Get Help for PTSD

Using the PILOTS database for Assessment Information
The PILOTS database is the largest electronic index to the world's literature on traumatic stress.

The National Center for PTSD does not provide direct clinical care, individual referrals or benefits information.

*Link will take you outside the VA website. VA is not responsible for the content of the linked site.