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PTSD: National Center for PTSD


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Deployment Support from Family and Friends Scale



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

Deployment Support from Family and Friends Scale

Scale in the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2
DRRI-2 Section: I
Survey Label: "Support from Family/Friends"


Measures extent to which an individual perceived emotional sustenance and instrumental assistance from family and friends back home during deployment. Emotional sustenance refers to the extent to which others provide the individual with understanding, companionship, a sense of belonging, and positive self-regard (e.g., feeling cared for by friends and family members, having people to talk to). Instrumental assistance refers to the extent to which the individual receives tangible aid such as help to accomplish tasks and material assistance or resources (e.g., being able to count on people to take care of finances or belongings while deployed).

Sample Item

  • Item: During my deployment, I had family members or friends at home I could talk to when I had a problem.
  • Response: 5-point Likert (1 = "Strongly disagree" to 5 = "Strongly agree")

To Obtain Measure

This measure was created by staff at VA's National Center for PTSD.

Download the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2:

Are you using this measure with U.S. Veterans or Servicemembers?

Our PTSD Consultation Program can answer administration or scoring questions: or 866-948-7880.

Measure availability: Information on measures is available to everyone. However, the assessment tools themselves can only be distributed to qualified mental health professionals and researchers. We maintain measures developed by affiliated staff of the National Center for PTSD.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

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Also see: VA Mental Health