Attention A T users. To access the menus on this page please perform the following steps. 1. Please switch auto forms mode to off. 2. Hit enter to expand a main menu option (Health, Benefits, etc). 3. To enter and activate the submenu links, hit the down arrow. You will now be able to tab or arrow up or down through the submenu options to access/activate the submenu links.

PTSD: National Center for PTSD


Quick Links

Veterans Crisis Line Badge
My healthevet badge
EBenefits Badge

Aftermath of Battle Scale



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

Aftermath of Battle Scale

Scale in the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2
DRRI-2 Section: E
Survey Label: "Postbattle Experiences"


Measures exposure to the consequences of combat, including observing or handling human remains, interacting with detainees or prisoners of war (POWs), and observing other consequences, such as devastated communities and homeless refugees. This factor is conceptualized as cataloging more objective war-zone events and circumstances.

Sample Item

  • Item: I saw refugees who had lost their homes or belongings.
  • Response: 6-point Likert (1 = "Never" to 6 = "Daily or almost daily")

To Obtain Scale

This measure was created by staff at VA's National Center for PTSD.

Download the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2:

Are you using this measure with U.S. Veterans or Servicemembers?

Our PTSD Consultation Program can answer administration or scoring questions: or 866-948-7880.

Measure availability: Information on measures is available to everyone. However, the assessment tools themselves can only be distributed to qualified mental health professionals and researchers. We maintain measures developed by affiliated staff of the National Center for PTSD.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

Share this page

Search Pilots

Search PILOTS*, the largest citation database on PTSD.
What is PILOTS?

The National Center for PTSD does not provide direct clinical care, individual referrals or benefits information.

PTSD Information Voice Mail:
(802) 296-6300
Contact Us:
Also see: VA Mental Health