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PTSD: National Center for PTSD


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Postdeployment Social Support Scale



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

Postdeployment Social Support Scale

Scale in the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2
DRRI-2 Section: O
Survey Label: "Postdeployment Support"


The extent to which family, friends, and individuals within the community provide emotional sustenance and instrumental assistance. Emotional sustenance refers to the extent to which others provide the individual with understanding, companionship, a sense of belonging, and positive self-regard (e.g., making the individual feel proud of his or her service, offering advice when needed). Instrumental assistance refers to the extent to which the individual receives tangible aid, such as help to accomplish tasks and material assistance or resources (e.g., helping the individual with daily chores, lending the individual money).

Sample Items

  • My family members and/or friends make me feel better when I am down.
  • I can go to family members or friends when I need good advice.
  • When I am ill, family members or friends will help out until I am well.

Response Format

5-point Likert (1 = Strongly disagree; 5 = Strongly agree)

To Obtain Scale

See Assessment Measures Specifically for VA Providers and Staff to download the DRRI scales and manual.

For Non-VA Providers: please complete the online request form to obtain the DRRI-2.

Measure availability: We provide information on a variety of measures assessing trauma and PTSD. These measures are intended for use by qualified mental health professionals and researchers. Measures authored by National Center staff are available as direct downloads or by request. Measures developed outside of the National Center can be requested via contact information available on the information page for the specific measure.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

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