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PTSD: National Center for PTSD


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Co-Occurring Conditions



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

Co-Occurring Conditions

PTSD often co-occurs with other mental health problems, such as depression, substance abuse, and TBI. Below learn more about treating these co-occurring conditions. VA Providers can also see the provider section of VA Mental Health website.


Substance Use Disorders (SUD)

Traumatic Brain Injury and Other Neurocognitive Disorders

Other Reactions to Trauma

Physical Health Conditions

  • PTSD and Physical Health
    Provides information on the relationships between trauma, PTSD, and physical health; specific health problems associated with PTSD; health-risk behaviors and PTSD, and more.
  • Physical Health Effects
    This PTSD 101 course discusses research findings from both civilian and military populations illustrating how a person's reaction mediates the effect of exposure.
  • The Experience of Chronic Pain and PTSD: A Guide for Health Care Providers
    Discusses chronic pain and how it may be related to trauma and PTSD. Includes recommendations for health care providers on handling chronic pain and assessing for trauma.
  • PTSD and Chronic Pain
    This PTSD 101 online course describes in detail the interaction between PTSD symptoms and chronic pain, with a special focus on Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans. Reviews the VA/DoD 2010 guideline recommendations for treating pain and PTSD and discusses useful treatment approaches.

Sleep Problems

  • Sleep Problems in Veterans with PTSD
    Provides information on the prevalence of sleep problems that are common with PTSD and reviews best practices for treatment, including cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I).
  • Assessment and Treatment of Sleep Problems in PTSD
    This online course provides information on pharmacological and cognitive behavioral interventions for PTSD-related sleep problems. CE/CME credits are available for 5 different modules.
  • Sleep Problems, Insomnia, and PTSD
    This PTSD 101 online course reviews the VA/DoD 2010 clinical practice guideline recommendations for treating sleep problems, insomnia, and PTSD. Describes general treatment approach as well as evidence-based pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy interventions.

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The National Center for PTSD does not provide direct clinical care, individual referrals or benefits information.

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Also see: VA Mental Health