Early interventions need to focus on safety, reducing initial distress, gathering information, and offering practical assistance. This section includes information and recommendations for short term and intermediate treatment of trauma survivors to help with prevention of psychological distress.
Psychological First Aid: Field Operations Guide
The Psychological First Aid Guide was developed by the National Center for PTSD and the National Child Traumatic Stress Network. It has essential information for dealing with people in the immediate aftermath of disasters.
Acute Stress Disorder Describes acute stress disorder (ASD), including: who is at risk, how is it treated, and how is it related to PTSD.
Treating Survivors in the Acute Aftermath of Traumatic Events Describes the complexity of therapy decisions in the aftermath of traumatic events, such as: the nature of events, phases of coping, assessment and evaluation, and more. Includes general intervention information as well as specific techniques for acute stress.
Early Mental Health Intervention for Disasters Discusses factors that influence prevention of problems following disasters, obstacles to help-seeking, early intervention, and basic principles of emergency care, including Psychological First Aid.
Helping Survivors in the Wake of Disaster Concise information for volunteers, mental health clinicians, chaplains, and medical personnel on the effects of traumatic stress and recommendations for helping survivors of disasters.
Disaster Rescue and Response Workers Provides information specific to response and recovery workers on stress reactions. Includes tips on managing stress during and following the disaster, as well as after they return home.
See last Reviewed/Updated Date below.