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PTSD: National Center for PTSD


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Early Intervention



This section is for Researchers, Providers, & Helpers

This section is for Researchers, Providers, and Helpers

Early Intervention

Early interventions need to focus on safety, reducing initial distress, gathering information, and offering practical assistance. This section includes information and recommendations for short term and intermediate treatment of trauma survivors to help with prevention of psychological distress.

Essential Information and Guidelines

Overview of Acute Stress

  • Acute Stress Disorder
    Describes acute stress disorder (ASD), including: who is at risk, how is it treated, and how is it related to PTSD.
  • Treating Survivors in the Acute Aftermath of Traumatic Events
    Describes the complexity of therapy decisions in the aftermath of traumatic events, such as: the nature of events, phases of coping, assessment and evaluation, and more. Includes general intervention information as well as specific techniques for acute stress.



  • Disaster Rescue and Response Workers
    Provides information specific to response and recovery workers on stress reactions. Includes tips on managing stress during and following the disaster, as well as after they return home.

Date this content was last updated is at the bottom of the page.

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Also see: VA Mental Health