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PTSD: National Center for PTSD

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Co-Occurring Conditions


Co-Occurring Conditions

Most people with PTSD—about 80%—have one or more additional mental health diagnoses. They are also at risk for functional impairments, reduced quality of life, and relationship problems. PTSD and trauma are linked to physical health problems as well. These articles explain the connections among PTSD, trauma and co-occurring mental and physical health problems.



  • Sleep Problems in Veterans with PTSD
    Provides information on the prevalence of sleep problems that are common with PTSD and reviews best practices for treatment, including cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I).

Substance Abuse

Moral Injury

  • Moral Injury
    Describes moral injury, the relationship between moral injury and PTSD, and assessment and treatment considerations.
  • Moral Injury in Health Care Workers
    Describes potential sources of moral injury in health care providers and offers self-care strategies and tips for supporting coworkers and staff.

Neurocognitive Problems

Anger and Violence

Physical Problems

  • PTSD and Physical Health
    Provides information on the relationships between trauma, PTSD, and physical health; specific health problems associated with PTSD; health-risk behaviors and PTSD, and more.
  • Chronic Pain and PTSD
    Discusses chronic pain and how it may be related to trauma and PTSD, including recommendations for health care providers on managing chronic pain and assessing for trauma.

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Learn from expert researchers and earn free Continuing Education (CE) credits.

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Mobile Apps

Apps for self-help, education, and support after trauma.

Are you treating Veterans with PTSD? We can help. PTSD Consultation Program for providers who treat veterans.

PTSD Consultation Program

Expert guidance for treating Veterans with PTSD.

PTSD Information Voice Mail: (802) 296-6300
Also see: VA Mental Health