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PTSD: National Center for PTSD

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Combat Experiences Scale


Combat Experiences Scale

Scale in the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2
DRRI-2 Section: D
Survey Label: "Combat Experiences"


Measures exposure to combat-related circumstances such as firing a weapon, being fired on, being attacked or witnessing an attack (e.g., encountering an explosive device), encountering friendly fire, and going on special missions and patrols that involve such experiences. This war-zone factor refers to objective events and circumstances and does not include personal interpretations or subjective judgments of the events or circumstances.

Sample Item

  • Item: I personally witnessed someone from my unit or an ally unit being seriously wounded or killed.
  • Response: 6-point Likert (1 = "Never" to 6 = "Daily or almost daily")

To Obtain Scale

This measure was created by staff at VA's National Center for PTSD.

Download the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2:

Are you using this measure with U.S. Veterans or Service members?

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Our PTSD Consultation Program can answer administration or scoring questions: or 866-948-7880.

Measure availability: We provide information on a variety of measures assessing trauma and PTSD. These measures are intended for use by qualified mental health professionals and researchers. Measures authored by National Center staff are available as direct downloads or by request. Measures developed outside of the National Center can be requested via contact information available on the information page for the specific measure.

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PTSD Information Voice Mail: (802) 296-6300
Also see: VA Mental Health