PTSD: National Center for PTSD
Disasters and Terrorism
Disaster and Terrorism
Disasters include human-caused events, such as terrorist attacks and natural disasters, like floods and earthquakes. This page includes general information about the effects of disasters, reviews of disaster research, and useful resources for care providers.
Essential Information and Guidelines
Resources for Providers: Responding to Disaster and Mass Violence
Key information for providers responding to survivors of disaster and mass violence, including: Common reactions, risk and resilience factors, responder self-care, and response and treatment - Psychological First Aid (PFA) and Skills for Psychological Recovery (SPR).
Research Findings on Disasters and Terrorism
Traumatic Effects of Specific Types of Disasters
Discusses effects of fires, floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, and earthquakes, with research findings on specific major disasters that have occurred.
Effects of Traumatic Stress after Mass Violence, Terror, or Disaster
Discusses normal and problematic responses to disaster. Describes PTSD, ASD, associated problems, and bereavement complications.
Research Findings on the Traumatic Stress Effects of Terrorism
Discusses terrorist attacks that have occurred over the past 20 years and reports some of the research findings on reactions, including PTSD.
Disasters and Domestic Violence
Reviews research investigating whether domestic violence (DV) increases after a disaster or if DV influences women's postdisaster recovery.
Disasters and Substance Abuse or Dependence
Reviews research on substance use, abuse, and dependence following disasters.
Effects of Disaster on People with Severe Mental Illness
Discusses the relationship between severe mental illness (SMI) and PTSD following a traumatic event. Includes suggestions for mental health needs of those with SMI following trauma.
Other Disaster Information
Types of Debriefing Following Disasters
Describes several types of debriefing following a trauma, and discusses the pros and cons of this form of mental health intervention.
Managing Grief after Disaster
Clinical advice regarding managing grief after a disaster, including addressing traumatic grief, complications of bereavement, and risk factors.