Resilience and GrowthClergy members may be able to help Service members or Veterans by encouraging behaviors that are associated with resilience and growth. It is likely that spirituality and religiousness provide a foundation for resilient coping in the face of difficult traumatic event(s) and loss events through a meaning-making process. Spirituality also plays a role in coping with grief and loss.
In their review of the role of religion and spirituality in adjustment following bereavement, Wortman and Park8 noted that although many of the studies they reviewed have limitations that prevent making causal inferences, generally positive correlations were found for many dimensions of spirituality and positive psychological outcomes. They also noted that making meaning from a loved one's death appeared to be an important pathway by which spirituality and positive health outcomes were associated.
Thus positive religious coping (e.g., spiritual support, positive religious reframing of stressors, and spiritual connectedness) can help buffer major life stresses, while negative religious coping (e.g., difficulties and anger with God, negative encounters with other believers, and internal religious guilt and doubt) is frequently associated with worse outcomes9-12.