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PTSD: National Center for PTSD

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Weaver, C. M., Joseph, D., Dongon, S. N., Fairweather, A., & Ruzek, J. I. (2013). Enhancing services response to crisis incidents involving Veterans: A role for law enforcement and mental health collaboration. Psychological Services, 10, 66-72. doi:10.1037/a0029651
Levy-Gigi, E., Richter-Levin, G., Okon-Singer, H., Kéri, S., & Bonanno, G. A. (2016). The hidden price and possible benefit of repeated traumatic exposure. Stress, 19, 1-7. doi:10.3109/10253890.2015.1113523
Breslau, N. (2012). Epidemiology of posttraumatic stress disorder in adults. Oxford Handbooks Online. Retrieved 10 Apr. 2016, from
Glynn, L. H., Kendra, M. S., Timko, C., Finlay, A. K., Blodgett, J. C., Maisel, N. C., Midboe, A. M., McGuire, J. F., & Blonigen, D. M. (2014). Facilitating treatment access and engagement for justice-involved Veterans with substance use disorders. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 27, 138-163. doi:10.1177/0887403414560884.
Finlay, A. K., Smelson, D., Sawh, L., McGuire, J., Rosenthal, J., Blue-Howells, J., Timko, C., Binswanger, I., Frayne, S. M., Blodgett, J. C., Bowe, T., Clark, S. C., & Harris, A. H. S. (2016). U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Justice Outreach Program Connecting justice-involved Veterans with mental health and substance use disorder treatment. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 27, 203-222. doi:10.1177/-887403414562601
Wisco, B. E., Marx, B. P., Wolf, E. J., Miller, M. W., Southwick, S. M., & Pietrzak, R. H. (2014). Posttraumatic stress disorder in the US Veteran population: Results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 75, 1338-1346. doi:10.4088/JCP.14m09328
Tsai, J., Rosenheck, R. A., Kasprow, W. J., & McGuire, J. F. (2013). Risk of incarceration and other characteristics of Iraq and Afghanistan era Veterans in state and federal prisons. Psychiatric Services, 64, 36-43. doi:10.1176/
Kelsall, H. L., Wijesinghe, M. S. D., Creamer, M. C., McKenzie, D. P., Forbes, A. B., Page, M. J., & Sim, M. R. (2015). Alcohol use and substance use disorders in Gulf War, Afghanistan, and Iraq War Veterans compared with nondeployed military personnel. Epidemiologic Reviews, 37, 38-54. doi:10/1093/epirev/mxu014
Violanti, J., Hartley, T. A., Gu, J. K., Fekedulegn, D., Andrew, M. E., & Burchfiel, C. M., (2013). Life expectancy in police officers: A comparison with the U. S. general population. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience, 15, 217-228.
Carlier, I. V., Lamberts, R. D., Gersons, B. P., & Berthold, P. R. (1997). Risk factors for posttraumatic stress symptomatology in police officers: A prospective analysis. Journal of Nervous Mental Disease, 185, 498-506.
Nash, W. P., Westphal, R. J., Watson, P. J., & Litz, B. T. (2010). Combat and Operational Stress First Aid: Caregiver Training Manual. Washington, DC: U.S. Navy, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Retrieved from
Watson, P., Gist, R., Taylor, V. Evlander, E., Leto, F., Martin, R., Vaught, D., Nash, W.P., Westphal, R., & Litz, B. (2013). Stress First Aid for Firefighters and Emergency Services Personnel. National Fallen Firefighters Foundation. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.1768.9123

PTSD Information Voice Mail: (802) 296-6300
Also see: VA Mental Health